All posts by Yao Hua Law

为油棕而破坏森林与老虎栖息地,价值何在?

YP Olio 有限公司最近从联邦环境局获得允准在8498公顷的地块上清除森林并种植油棕。

该项目地块位于彭亨州的珍妮-百乐综合森林内,这是一个具有丰富生物多样性和生态价值的天然森林。在项目地块里还有两座原住民村落,村民声称该地方是他们的习俗地。

Macaranga发现,该项目将给发展商带来巨大的利益,而政府和社会将付出高昂的代价。此外,项目对森林的破坏将危及已经濒危的马来亚虎。

该项目对马来西亚油棕业的声誉有什么影响? 对于彭亨州政府和发展商来说,最适当的选择又是什么?

第一篇为卖不出去的油棕砍伐森林

第二篇承诺保育老虎,却在彭亨破坏栖息地

第三篇原住民为森林放弃新房子

 

Apa nilainya musnah hutan dan habitat harimau demi kelapa sawit?

Syarikat YP Olio Sdn Bhd baru menerima kelulusan daripada Jabatan Alam Sekitar untuk menebang kawasan hutan 8,498 ha untuk dijadikan ladang kelapa sawit.

Tapak itu terletak dalam kompleks hutan Chini-Bera, Pahang, sebuah hutan asli yang cukup kaya dengan kepelbagaian biologi dan nilai-nilai ekologi. Terdapat juga dua kampung Orang Asli dalam tapak projek yang menuntut kawasan itu sebagai tanah adat mereka.

Siasatan Macaranga mendapati bahawa projek ini membawa manfaat besar kepada pihak pemaju, manakala pihak kerajaan dan masyarakat menanggung kos yang tinggi. Tambahan pula, kemusnahan hutan itu akan menjejas populasi harimau Malaya yang sudahpun hampir pupus.

Apakah kesan projek tersebut ke atas reputasi kemampanan industri kelapa sawit di Malaysia? Apakah pilihan paling wajar bagi pihak kerajaan Pahang dan pemaju?

Bahagian 1: Menebang Hutan Demi Kelapa Sawit Yang Takkan Terjual

Bahagian 2: Biarpun Sudah Berjanji, Habitat Harimau di Pahang Tetap Dimusnahkan

Bahagian 3: Orang Asli Menolak Tawaran Rumah Baharu Untuk Hutan

Orang Asli Reject New Houses for Forests

After guarding a blockade against loggers for 16 months, a group of Orang Asli in Pahang is bringing their fight to the courts. The Kampung Mesau villagers have just filed a summons against the Pahang government and a developer for violating their customary rights. Part 3 of 3.

This story is produced in collaboration with the Pulitzer Center’s Rainforest Investigations Network.

[Versi Bahasa Malaysia] [即将发布:中文版]

RICE COOKS in a soot-covered pot behind Rani Jilal. The 72-year-old man sits on bare ground in his hut. He is a senior member of the Temoq Orang Asli of Kampung Mesau in the Chini-Bera forests, Pahang.

Behind Rani, the boiling rice spills out of the pot into the wood fire. He ignores the sizzle. He is talking about his fear that his kin would be chased off the land they claim as their customary right. He has seen how swiftly developers can tear their world apart.

(Photo: The villagers of Kampung Mesau in Pahang built a blockade to save their forests from loggers. After 16 months of sleeping by the blockade, they have brought their fight to the High Court. | Pic by YH Law)

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Cutting the Chini-Bera Forests for Oil Palm that Can’t Sell

YP Olio Sdn Bhd has just received approval from the Department of Environment to turn a sprawling forest in Pahang into oil palm. But evidence suggests the plantation will fail to get mandatory certification and license. So, why cut the forest? Part 1 of 3.

This story is produced in collaboration with the Pulitzer Center’s Rainforest Investigations Network.

[Versi Bahasa Malaysia] [中文版]

FOR MUCH of 2020 and 2021, loggers cleared huge tracts of forest on private land in southeastern Pahang. The site used to be part of a forest reserve in the Chini-Bera forest complex. Now, silty logging roads wind across the shrubby landscape.

The logging had stopped at a fork in a main logging road since June 2021. Perhaps the loggers were deterred by the wooden blockade erected there by the local Orang Asli. Perhaps the landowner, YP Olio Sdn Bhd, was waiting for authorities’ approval of its environmental impact assessment (EIA) report.

(Photo: In Pahang, logging on YP Olio Sdn Bhd’s 8,498 ha land stops at a blockade set up by Orang Asli. | Pic by YH Law)

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Destroying Tiger Habitat in Pahang Despite Promises

Another tiger and elephant habitat in Pahang has been approved to be turned into an oil palm plantation. But if the developer and state government wish to spare the forest, there are profitable alternatives. Part 2 of 3.

This story is produced in collaboration with the Pulitzer Center’s Rainforest Investigations Network.

[Versi Bahasa Malaysia] [即将发布:中文版]

A PROPOSED 8,498 ha oil palm project in Pahang occupies a key location in Peninsular Malaysia’s wildlife habitats and forest landscape. The project site sits in the centre of the Chini-Bera forest complex, according to the Master Plan for Ecological Linkages Central Forest Spine (2022).

That complex connects the Greater Taman Negara forest complex in the north with the Endau-Rompin Sedili forest complex in the south. The Central Forest Spine (CFS) Masterplan aims to establish wildlife corridors called “linkages” between these complexes that would allow animals like tigers to move and breed across the landscape.

(Photo: A tiger pawprint found in the vicinity of the Bukit Ibam forests (background) being cleared for timber and oil palm plantation. | Pawprint photo courtesy of Mohjoey mojoey (Facebook), satellite image by Planet Labs Inc)

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Lagi Satu Ladang Kelapa Sawit di Endau, Johor

Syarikat AA Sawit Sdn Bhd ingin membangunkan ladang kelapa sawit and kelapa seluas 3,775 ha di Endau, Johor. Ia telah menyerahkan laporan penilaian kesan kepada alam sekitar (EIA) kepada Jabatan Alam Sekitar pada bulan Jun/Julai 2022.

Mengikut Akta Kualiti Alam Sekeliling 1974, sesuatu projek sebesar ini wajib mendapat kelulusan laporan EIA daripada Jabatan Alam Sekitar sebelum ia boleh bermula.

Namun, imej satelit memberi gambaran yang bertentangan: Pada 2020 dan 2021, pengusaha telah menebang hutan di tapak dan menggali parit pengairan.

Tambahan pula, pembangunan ladang kelapa sawit sudah menyebabkan pelbagai masalah alam sekitar. Namun, adakah  penduduk Kampung Labong di sebelah tapak projek AA Sawit mampu menolak ladang-ladang besar yang akan datang?

 

Mampankah ladang hutan di Semenanjung Malaysia?

Sejak 2007, pembangunan pesat ladang hutan di hutan simpan  telah menjadi salah satu pemacu utama kehilangan hutan di Semenanjung Malaysia. Pembangunan ladang menebas hutan asli dan menanam semula dengan sejenis species pokok cepat tumbuh.

Ladang hutan disebut-sebut sebagai cara lebih berkesan menghasilkan kuantiti besar kayu. Jelas lihat sokongan kuat kerajaan persekutuan dan negeri membangunkan ladang hutan, dengan memberikan pinjaman mudah dan hak guna tanah kepada pengusaha swasta.

Namun, 15 tahun kemudian, apakah hasil pencapaian ladang hutan? Adakah ia menunjukkan tanda-tanda pembangunan mampan? Itulah tumpuan siasatan Macaranga setahun sejak Mac 2021.  Penemuan kami diterbitkan dalam bahasa Inggeris pada Februari 2022 dan kemudian diterjemahkan ke dalam Bahasa Malaysia.

 
 
 

砍伐、切割及清除:当大森林消失之时

砍伐、分割及清除:当大森林消失之时

过去20年来最大规模的森林保留区撤除,究竟如何改变当地环境、经济和社区?

作者:刘耀华  (YH Law)

编辑:黄秀玲 (SL Wong)

翻译:万绮珊

与普利策中心 (Pulitzer Center) 的雨林调查网络 (Rainforest Investigations Network) 共同制作。

发布:2022年4月22日

(为了开辟油棕园,柔佛任罗宏一片森林难逃被砍伐的命运 | 视频由IMR Kreatif所摄)

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