• Forest plantations (top) and quarries (centre) are allowed inside forest reserves.

    Some oil palm plantations have been approved inside reserves too.

  • Here are some projects which were approved by the authorities and developed inside forests.

    The projects were part of a list which Macaranga downloaded from the federal Department of Environment website.

  • Shown here: forest plantations, mines and quarries, and oil palm and rubber plantations.

    Forest reserve areas were also downloaded from the Department of Environment.

  • For example, here in the Tekam forest reserve, Pahang, the authorities have approved many forest plantations since 2016.

  • Each is at least 250 ha large.

  • Developers would first log and clear the land and then replant with fast-growing trees. This satellite image was taken in June 2018.

  • Almost 60% of forest plantations in Peninsular Malaysia are planted with timber latex clone, a variety of rubber trees.

  • Over at the Bukit Lagong forest reserve, Selangor, several rock quarries were approved in 2020 and 2021.

  • Rock and sand are considered "forest-produce" in Malaysian law.

  • This satellite image was taken in July 2022.

  • The authorities had also approved oil palm plantations inside forest reserves. An example is the Gunong Rabong forest reserve, Kelantan.

  • Usually, oil palm sites would be excised from the reserves after approval, but apparently this concession in Gunong Rabong was not.

  • This oil palm plantation project inside Gunong Rabong reserve was approved in May 2018. The satellite image was taken in June 2021.

  • Since 2002, hundreds of forest-clearing projects have been approved inside reserves. Most of them were forest plantations.